Wednesday, June 2, 2010

Wednesdays Helpful Pet Tip #9


Our dogs and cats can get into a lot of things and sometimes we even feed them certain foods and beverages as a treat, not realizing that we could be doing more harm than good. So I went looking for a list of items that dogs and cats can NOT eat! A lot of the list is the same but some things are very different. It is VERY IMPORTANT to remember that a cat is NOT a little dog. Their systems are totally different. You might see some things on the list and think "Hey! My pet loves that and hasn't had a problem!" and some items can have different effects of different animals. I know that some people give their cats milk for instance and in small amounts they may be able to tolerate it but some are more lactose intolerant and develop diarrhea.
DISCLAIMER!!!! PLEASE REMEMBER: This is information that I have gather off of the Internet. I am NOT a professional! Just someone who loves animals! If you have questions or concerns, please consult your veterinarian for accurate information.
I have gathered most of this from the website:
http://www.peteducation.com/
Most of the photos are from:
http://pets.webmd.com/
So First for the Dogs! -
Items to avoid and the reasons:


Alcoholic beverages- Can cause intoxication, coma, and death.

Baby food- Can contain onion powder, which can be toxic to dogs. (Please see onion below.) Can also result in nutritional deficiencies, if fed in large amounts.

Bones from fish, poultry, or other meat sources-Can cause obstruction or laceration of the digestive system.

Cat food- Generally too high in protein and fats.

Chocolate, coffee, tea, and other caffeine- Contain caffeine, theobromine, or theophylline, which can be toxic and affect the heart and nervous systems.

Citrus oil extracts- Can cause vomiting.

Fat trimmings- Can cause pancreatitis.

Grapes and raisins -Contain an unknown toxin, which can damage the kidneys. There have been no problems associated with grape seed extract.

Hops- Unknown compound causes panting, increased heart rate, elevated temperature, seizures, and death.

Human vitamin supplements containing iron- Can damage the lining of the digestive system and be toxic to the other organs including the liver and kidneys.

Large amounts of liver- Can cause Vitamin A toxicity, which affects muscles and bones.

Macadamia nuts- Contain an unknown toxin, which can affect the digestive and nervous systems and muscle.

Marijuana- Can depress the nervous system, cause vomiting, and changes in the heart rate.

Milk and other dairy products- Some adult dogs and cats do not have sufficient amounts of the enzyme lactase, which breaks down the lactose in milk. This can result in diarrhea. Lactose-free milk products are available for pets.

Moldy or spoiled food, garbage- Can contain multiple toxins causing vomiting and diarrhea and can also affect other organs.

Mushrooms- Can contain toxins, which may affect multiple systems in the body, cause shock, and result in death.

Onions and garlic (raw, cooked, or powder) -Contain sulfoxides and disulfides, which can damage red blood cells and cause anemia. Cats are more susceptible than dogs. Garlic is less toxic than onions.

Persimmons Seeds-Can cause intestinal obstruction and enteritis.

Pits from peaches and plums- Can cause obstruction of the digestive tract.

Potato, rhubarb, and tomato leaves; potato and tomato stems -Contain oxalates, which can affect the digestive, nervous, and urinary systems. This is more of a problem in livestock.

Raw eggs- Contain an enzyme called avidin, which decreases the absorption of biotin (a B vitamin). This can lead to skin and hair coat problems. Raw eggs may also contain Salmonella.

Raw fish -Can result in a thiamine (a B vitamin) deficiency leading to loss of appetite, seizures, and in severe cases, death. More common if raw fish is fed regularly.

Salt- If eaten in large quantities it may lead to electrolyte imbalances.

String- Can become trapped in the digestive system; called a "string foreign body."

Sugary foods- Can lead to obesity, dental problems, and possibly diabetes mellitus.

Table scraps (in large amounts) -Table scraps are not nutritionally balanced. They should never be more than 10% of the diet. Fat should be trimmed from meat; bones should not be fed.

Tobacco- Contains nicotine, which affects the digestive and nervous systems. Can result in rapid heart beat, collapse, coma, and death.

Yeast dough -Can expand and produce gas in the digestive system, causing pain and possible rupture of the stomach or intestines.

Xylitol (artificial sweetener) -Can cause liver failure.

And for the Cats:

Items to avoid and reasons:

Alcoholic beverages- Can cause intoxication, coma, and death.

Baby food -Can contain onion powder, which can be toxic to cats. (Please see onion below.) Can also result in nutritional deficiencies, if fed in large amounts.

Bones from fish, poultry, or other meat sources -Can cause obstruction or laceration of the digestive system.

Canned tuna (for human consumption)- Large amounts can cause malnutrition, since it lacks proper levels of vitamins and minerals.

Chocolate, coffee, tea, and other caffeine- Contain caffeine, theobromine, or theophylline, which can be toxic and affect the heart and nervous system.

Citrus oil extracts -Can cause vomiting.

Dog food- If accidental ingestion, will not cause a problem; if fed repeatedly, may result in malnutrition and diseases affecting the heart.

Fat trimmings -Can cause pancreatitis.

Grapes and raisins- Contain an unknown toxin, which can damage the kidneys.

Human vitamin supplements containing iron -Can damage the lining of the digestive system and be toxic to the other organs including the liver and kidneys.

Large amounts of liver- Can cause Vitamin A toxicity, which affects muscles and bones.

Macadamia nuts- Contain an unknown toxin, which can affect the digestive and nervous systems and muscle.

Marijuana -Can depress the nervous system, cause vomiting, and changes in the heart rate.

Milk and other dairy products- Some adult cats and dogs do not have sufficient amounts of the enzyme lactase, which breaks down the lactose in milk. This can result in diarrhea. Lactose-free milk products are available for cats.

Moldy or spoiled food, garbage- Can contain multiple toxins causing vomiting and diarrhea and can also affect other organs.

Mushrooms -Can contain toxins, which may affect multiple systems in the body, cause shock, and result in death.

Onions and garlic (raw, cooked, or powder)- Contain sulfoxides and disulfides, which can damage red blood cells and cause anemia. Cats are more susceptible than dogs. Garlic is less toxic than onions.

Persimmons Seeds -Can cause intestinal obstruction and enteritis.

Potato, rhubarb, and tomato leaves; potato and tomato stems -Contain oxalates, which can affect the digestive, nervous, and urinary systems. This is more of a problem in livestock.

Raw eggs -Contain an enzyme called avidin, which decreases the absorption of biotin (a B vitamin). This can lead to skin and hair coat problems. Raw eggs may also contain Salmonella.

Raw fish -Can result in a thiamine (a B vitamin) deficiency leading to loss of appetite, seizures, and in severe cases, death. More common if raw fish is fed regularly.

Salt -If eaten in large quantities it may lead to electrolyte imbalances.

String- Can become trapped in the digestive system; called a "string foreign body."

Sugary foods- Can lead to obesity, dental problems, and possibly diabetes mellitus.

Table scraps (in large amounts) -Table scraps are not nutritionally balanced. They should never be more than 10% of the diet. Fat should be trimmed from meat; bones should not be fed.

Tobacco- Contains nicotine, which affects the digestive and nervous systems. Can result in rapid heart beat, collapse, coma, and death.

Yeast dough- Can expand and produce gas in the digestive system, causing pain and possible rupture of the stomach or intestines.


Please remember that neither one of these lists can possible be complete. If your pets ingests anything other than their usually food, it is wise to have your veterinarian emergency phone number posted in a place where you can easily find it when you are in a panic.

3 comments:

The Itsy Bitsy Spill said...

Hey you! I'm back to my normal blogging. I'm not running around like a crazy woman this time, pure relaxation and painting!

I love the list in your new posts.
My puppy love popcorn sometimes but I will not give that to her anymore. As for the tuna in a can once in a blue to sammy my cat, a big nononono. Thank you Cindi for all the helpful info.

Well sweetie pie pie, lots of love from me to you!!!

Mua!

Magaly Ohika

Suzie said...

Excellent list! Ham is another no-no for both dogs and cats, as are avocodos.

My daughter had a cat who was a very fussy eater, and would only eat canned tuna cat food. As he got old, he began exhibiting unusual behaviour and they took him to their vet. When they told him that Clyde had only eaten the canned tuna cat food, their vet said that even with cat food, that a continual diet of tuna isn't safe and instructed them to find something else that he would like, like chicken. They got 2 blocks away from the office, and Clyde had a seizure. They couldn't save him. So now, I make sure and not give our kitties just tuna catfood for more than a day a week. Luckily, they prefer chicken or turkey cat food anyway.

You've provided an excellent resource for people who don't know the dangers! Thank you!!

wyanne said...

This is really good info. I'm really glad you posted it especially since we have a new kitten. He likes to sneak an occasional treat of dog food, but he's still eating all his cat food...so I guess it's okay. So glad Blue is down 13 pounds. Now if the same could happen to me. Thanks for being a regular on my blog. I'm sorry that I don't get over here as much as I would like...there are not enough hours in the day. Have a wonderful week.